Home Dogs Swedish Lapphund Dog breed – Origin, Characteristic, Personality, Care

Swedish Lapphund Dog breed – Origin, Characteristic, Personality, Care

The Swedish Lapphund, also known as the Swedish Lapponian Dog or Lappländsk Vallhund in Swedish, originates from the northern regions of Sweden.

This dog breed is part of the Spitz family and is well-adapted to the harsh climate and terrain of the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.

Here are some key characteristics and information about the Swedish Lapphund:

Origin of Swedish Lapphund dog

This Swedish Lapphund dog is a long-haired domestic dog breed originating from Sweden. The Sami people in the northern mountains raise these dogs. In the mid-seventeenth century, they raised them to protect livestock.

The Sami people greatly value this breed; they appear a lot in their mythology. These dogs are known as the “black beauty of Norrland.” To date, they are considered one of the oldest dog breeds in Sweden.

Appearance characteristics of the Swedish Lapphund dog

Swedish Lapphund dogs are classified as medium-sized. An adult male dog achieves:

  • Height: about 45 – 51 cm
  • Weight: about 20 – 22 kg

Female dogs are usually smaller in size.

  • Height: about 40 – 46 cm
  • Weight: about 19 -21 kg

The Swedish Lapphund’s head is round and moderately large. The forehead is flat slightly domed. The eyes are set relatively low compared to the head, small and diamond-shaped. The ends of the eyes are a bit long and sharp. The ears are small, triangular, erect on the head, and directed forward. The nose is straight, the nostrils are large and wide, and it is usually black. The jaw is developed tapered, and the mouth is slightly blunt. Teeth grow evenly, and the bite is straight or scissor-shaped. The tongue is pale pink, often protruding from the lower jaw.

Swedish Lapphund dog.
Swedish Lapphund dog.

The Swedish Lapphund’s body is muscular but also very flexible. The neck is large, strong, and difficult to see because a thick layer of fur covers it. The back is long and curved, and the spine in the middle of the back is concave and curves towards the tail. Breasts develop with full muscles. The chest cavity is wide and spacious. The lower body is well-developed, and the posterior abdomen is relatively deep.

Swedish Lapphund’s legs are quite short and strong. Their toenails are hard and sharp, curved to the ground. The feet are small and round, and the padding is quite hard but also relatively elastic. Developed thigh muscles help them move flexibly. The tail is long and large, with many dense hairs. The tail is often crossed back towards the back or crossed to the side.

The Swedish Lapphund’s fur is quite dense. The hair is thick, long, and relatively straight. The fur on the back and tail is longer than other parts. The main color of dogs is usually black. This is also their most popular color. Besides, there can also be white or gray, but the quantity is not much.

Personality characteristics of Swedish Lapphund dogs

Swedish Lapphund dogs are highly appreciated for their adaptability. They can adapt to most living environments. However, they still feel comfortable living in a larger space than a cramped apartment.

Swedish Lapphund dogs are very friendly. They are good friends with children. Dogs are playful, very active, and full of affection. They are always gentle with children. Therefore, they are a good choice to play with children. They also live sociably, rarely having conflicts with other dogs or cats.

Swedish Lapphund Dog breed - Origin, Characteristic, Personality, Care

The Swedish Lapphund dog is very wary of strangers. They are only friendly with familiar people. In addition, they are quite aggressive. They often bark very loudly and persistently if they feel suspicious or threatened. Their monitoring capabilities are quite good. They are also considered a relatively intelligent breed.

Reproductive characteristics of Swedish Lapphund dogs

Swedish Lapphund dogs begin their reproductive process quite similarly to other dog breeds. When they are about 1.5 – 2 years old, they can reproduce. This process will last until the 6th year of age. The average lifespan of these dogs usually ranges from 10 – 13 years. During her life, a mother dog can give birth to 6-7 litters. The number of puppies per litter is not much, usually from 4 to 6.

How to take care of a Swedish Lapphund dog

Like any other dog breed, caring for a Swedish Lapphund involves providing for their physical, mental, and emotional needs. Here are some essential aspects of Swedish Lapphund care:


Provide your Swedish Lapphund with a balanced, high-quality dog food appropriate for their age, size, and activity level.
Follow the feeding guidelines on the dog food packaging or consult with your veterinarian to determine the right portion sizes.


Swedish Lapphunds are active and need daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. Plan for at least 30 minutes to an hour of exercise each day.
Activities include walks, runs, hikes, playtime in a fenced yard, or dog sports like agility.


Brush your Swedish Lapphund’s thick double coat regularly, especially during shedding seasons, to prevent matting and keep the coat in good condition.
Check and clean their ears, trim their nails as needed, and brush their teeth to maintain their overall hygiene.


Begin obedience training and socialization early in your Swedish Lapphund’s life to ensure they grow into a well-behaved and well-adjusted dog.

Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to motivate and reward desired behaviors.


Expose your Swedish Lapphund to various people, animals, and environments from a young age to help them become confident and comfortable in different situations.

Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor your dog’s overall health and address any concerns promptly.

Ensure your Swedish Lapphund is up-to-date on vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and heartworm prevention.
Mental Stimulation:

Provide mental stimulation to keep your dog’s mind active. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and obedience training can all help keep their brains engaged.


Keep your Swedish Lapphund on a leash or in a securely fenced area outside to prevent them from wandering or entering dangerous situations.

Ensure they have proper identification, such as a collar with an ID tag and a microchip.

Love and Attention:

Swedish Lapphunds are known for their affectionate nature. Spend quality time with your dog, provide cuddles and attention, and make them feel like a valued part of the family.
Weather Considerations:

Be mindful of the weather, especially in hot or cold climates. Ensure your dog has access to shelter, fresh water, and appropriate protection from extreme temperatures.
Health Monitoring:

Keep an eye out for any signs of illness or discomfort, such as changes in behavior, appetite, or energy level, and consult with your veterinarian if you notice any issues.

Regular Exercise:

This breed enjoys physical activities, and they are known for their herding instincts. Activities like herding trials or dog sports can be a great way to satisfy their instincts and provide them with physical and mental exercise.

Remember that each dog is an individual, and their care may vary slightly depending on their needs and personality. Regular veterinary care and open communication with your veterinarian are crucial for ensuring your Swedish Lapphund’s health and well-being throughout their life.

Swedish Lapphund dog price

Swedish Lapphund dogs have a relatively high price. Currently, on the market, most black dogs are imported from Sweden. Domestic dog farms hardly breed them because they are expensive and ineffective. A Swedish Lapphund dog costs from $1500 – $2000. The price may be higher if precious coat colors are available.

Conducting thorough research when looking for a Swedish Lapphund puppy is essential. Look for breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs, conduct appropriate health screenings, and provide proper socialization for their puppies. Avoid buying from puppy mills or backyard breeders who may prioritize profit over the welfare of the dogs.

Remember that in addition to the initial purchase price, owning a dog comes with ongoing expenses such as food, grooming, veterinary care, training, and supplies. Before getting a Swedish Lapphund, ensure you are financially prepared to provide for their needs throughout their lifetime. Additionally, consider adopting from a rescue organization or shelter if you are open to providing a loving home to a needy dog.

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