Home Dogs Corgi Dog breed – Origin, Characteristic, Personality, Care

Corgi Dog breed – Origin, Characteristic, Personality, Care

Corgi dogs are famous for their lovable, friendly, and approachable appearance. This dog breed has a round body and an innocent face that breaks the hearts of many pet lovers.

Join DailyPets.net to learn about the origin, characteristics, and care of the Corgi dog breed through this article.

Corgi origin

The Corgi’s full name is Pembroke Welsh Corgi, which in Welsh translates to “dwarf dog” (“cor” is dwarf, “gi” is a dog). The name speaks for the appearance of the Corgi dog: Dwarf, round, and very cute. According to legend, the Corgi was a gift from a forest fairy who put birthmarks on their fur.

Researchers in many archives believe the Corgi breed has existed for about 3,000 years. The first appearance of the Corgi was recorded in Wales. This dog likely evolved from a pre-Viking breed in Sweden called Vallhund.

If you pay close attention, you will see that the Corgi dog has similarities with some of its relatives, such as Alaskan, Samoyed, or some Nordic dog breeds.

You know, the interesting fact is that small and “dwarf” animals like the Corgi are used in herding activities. It sounds a bit ridiculous, but it’s quite reasonable.

Corgi Dog.
Corgi Dog.

The Corgi’s four legs are very short and low, so it will be an advantage because the Corgi will not easily receive the dangerous rear kicks of large cattle. If cattle get lost while grazing, the Corgi will quickly bite the leg to let them recognize and return to the herd.

As cattle breeding is no longer as common in Europe as it used to be, the Corgi is rarely used for this purpose. However, their intelligence and lovely appearance have attracted many families to adopt and consider Corgi a friend and family member.

Classification of Corgi dogs

Corgi is divided into 3 types, but 2 types, Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Cardigan Welsh Corgi are the most popular.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi bear the surname Corgi. But the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a very old Corgi. As for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, it is the result of crossbreeding between the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and some indigenous dwarf breeds.

When breeding, the Europeans aimed to create a new hybrid Corgi dog with a gentle personality, more suitable as a pet than the Cardigan Corgi. As a result, the Pembroke dog is increasingly popular worldwide, and humans forget the Cardigan Corgi, which is not much. Today, people only see them appear mainly in Wales, England.

Pembroke Corgi

The Pembroke Corgi is descended from a short-tail (bobtail-tailed) dog breed. Most Pembroke breeds are born without tails. If born with a tail, the tail will be cut off when it is 2-5 days old.

Pembroke Corgi dog.
Pembroke Corgi dog.

Pembroke is about 25 – 30 cm tall and weighs about 13 kg. This breed has a long body, a short tail, and pointed ears. Corgi has a body close to the large breed but short legs. When raising, you need to control the diet and exercise of these dogs.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a short, long-bodied breed with large, erect ears. Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s tail is lowered compared to the Pembroke without a tail. This breed looks heavier than the Pembroke. Big ears and round legs like Pembroke.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi dog.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi dog.

The coat of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi dog is usually brown, teal green, light fawn, black and mottled,… The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an intelligent, obedient, protective dog breed. They are calm, loyal, and affectionate but very wary of strangers.

Popular Corgi dog coat colors

Corgi has many beautiful coat colors, including five basic colors: red, black, blue, sable, and brindle. The four colors of Pembroke Welsh Corgi are red, tricolor red, tricolor black, and sable. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi comes in various colors, including merle, brindle, black, red, and sable.

Corgi dog appearance characteristics

The short-legged corgi has erect triangular ears. The ears and face of the Corgi are well-proportioned. Corgi has a long and pointed nose, big round eyes, a mouth, and a chin that is small but very sharp. Corgis are often called fox dogs because they look like foxes.

Corgi dog personality traits

Corgis are very smart. They are in the list of 11 smartest dog breeds in the world. Corgi is intelligent but sometimes stubborn. There may be times when the dogs will deliberately disobey you.

Corgi is also a very loyal, friendly friend and fond of children. However, Corgis are very active and rarely sit still. Do not let them play with children who are too young. You should take Corgi out to play regularly and let them run and play to release energy.

Reasons to have a Corgi dog

Corgis are very affectionate and loyal to their owners. Therefore, the Corgi is the best choice if you are looking for a companion dog. They are very friendly with everyone around. The Corgi is extremely suitable if you are looking for a dog to raise when you have small children. Corgi loves to play with children and shows great interest in young children.

Corgi always has very cute and cute actions and expressions. Thanks to that, your family is filled with laughter and always has someone beside you.

How to take care of a Corgi dog

Corgi dog Food

Foods that provide protein and fat include beef, chicken, and pork, but Corgi is very obese, so you should not add too much fat. Just feeding Corgi meat is enough.

  • Dietary fiber supplements: Carrots, broccoli…
  • Starchy foods: Potatoes, sweet potatoes, rice…
  • Food supplements with vitamins and minerals: Vegetables, fish, clams, snails …
  • Adding fruit to the Corgi’s diet is recommended to provide adequate nutrients.

Care and hygiene for Corgi dogs

Corgi is a dog that adapts to cold environments and low temperatures, so when returning to Vietnam, Corgi will need time to adapt to the hot and humid climate. The ideal living environment for the Corgi to stay healthy is 20-25 degrees Celsius.

When it’s hot, you might consider putting them in an air-conditioned room and taking them out when the temperature is comfortable (early morning or evening).

Corgis love to play and run around in open spaces. So pay attention to Corgi having a suitable play space such as a large yard, a park, or a walk on the street. This is good for the dog’s health and makes them more comfortable and happier.

Common Corgi dog health problems

Obesity: This is a common disease in dwarf-legged dogs. You should give them regular exercise to avoid obesity and do not overfeed them. There should be a reasonable diet for the Corgi.

Shedding: Corgi sheds easily because of their very thick coat. Sometimes, it is due to high outside temperatures. In addition, it can be caused by parasites, molds, food allergies, etc.

Heat shock: Corgi is a cold breed not adapted to the hot climate. It can cause dizziness, vomiting, nosebleeds, and… more serious is unconsciousness, complete loss of consciousness.

Osteoarthritis: The bones and joints weaken due to the weight of Corgi’s round body. Corgi will often get tired, have sore feet, and cause osteoarthritis.

Notes when taking care of Corgi dogs

In addition to the habitat, the diet is also essential to developing the Corgi. Like any other species, Corgi can only develop fully if provided with essential nutrients such as fiber, fat, vitamins, protein, minerals, etc.

Corgi can eat crushed or shredded food. You can observe your dog’s eating habits to adjust the taste and amount of dog food.

Corgis are very prone to obesity, so you must regularly exercise them. You should let Corgi out every day, run, play, exercise their body, and make them feel more comfortable.

Because of herding habits, Corgi loves to chase motorcycles, bicycles, cars, or other dogs. Be careful and prepare a leash if you take them outside!

In addition, you need to give Corgi proper and complete vaccinations. When vaccinated correctly, Corig will avoid the risk of infection when exposed to dangerous pathogens. In addition, if Corig has an infection (Care, Parvo, Corona, etc.), the chance of recovery will be higher than those of Corgi who are not fully vaccinated.

Corgi price

Like other dog breeds, the more popular the color Corgi, the cheaper the price. The most common Corgi dog coat color is red-white Corgi or yellow-white Corgi, so this Corgi color is the cheapest; Corgi other colors like tricolor, sable, black-white, or merle are often hard to find, and the price is much higher.

The average cost to buy a Corgi hybrid is about $400 to $600.

Quality Corgi puppies from a reputable breeder cost around $800 to $1800.

In particular, for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi with a senior lineage and excellent pedigree, you can expect to pay between $2,000 and $4,000.

Note when buying Corgi dogs

Before you buy a Corgi, make sure you’re buying from a reputable supplier that cares about Corgi’s health and has been well cared for. When buying a Corgi, you must pay attention to the origin, purity, coat color, genes, documents, and whether the dog has been fully vaccinated.

If you are lucky enough to own a Corgi, take good care of your dog’s health and protect it with a safe and reasonable diet and play.

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